Difference between revisions of "Use the USB port on Parrot Drones"

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Line 202: Line 202:
  # vi /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/modules.dep
  # vi /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/modules.dep

Add these lines in between somewhere like so:
Add these lines '''in between''' {STARTHERE} {ENDHERE} but do NOT add the {STARTHERE} {ENDHERE}  nor the ... ! , somewhere like so:

  kernel/drivers/parrot/iio/adc/p7temp.ko: kernel/drivers/iio/industrialio.ko
  kernel/drivers/parrot/iio/adc/p7temp.ko: kernel/drivers/iio/industrialio.ko
Line 219: Line 220:
  kernel/net/wireless/lib80211_crypt_wep.ko: kernel/net/wireless/lib80211.ko
  kernel/net/wireless/lib80211_crypt_wep.ko: kernel/net/wireless/lib80211.ko

To save these changes in the file press [ESC]  than :w+[ENTER] then :q+[ENTER]
To save these changes in the file press [ESC]  than :w+[ENTER] then :q+[ENTER]

Latest revision as of 07:48, 18 May 2022


Outcome: Be able to USE USB port on Parrot Drones for external devices

There are many use cases for one to be able to use the USB port on a Parrot Drone. The first kick-off on this page is about using serial devices via USB, the most common scenario. Ofcourse there are more, feel free to add you solutions on this page

Serial modem on Parrot

Add a external modem ARdrone2, Bebop, Bebop 2 or Disco and maybe even others...


Wherever you read /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/ is for a Bebop /lib/modules/3.4.11/, mind the plus. If you read Bebop it might as well be Disco, although on the MTP there are some differences. And in the rare case you have an ARdrone2, well it will be /lib/modules/


A 20Km telemetry connection with the Parrot Bebop by means of a RFD868 modem or some other modem that does the trick


Somehow send and receive bytes to the RFD868 modem, be it serial or otherwise.


If you just want to know the step to install serial driver and not interested in the background jump to the Step By Step for USB Serial Drivers instruction

Works for

Tested and works on Disco Firmware 1.7.1, Bebop Firmware 4.0.6 and Bebop2 with Firmware 4.7.1. And on an ARdrone2 ? We someone working on it...


Use the USB port on the backside of the AP mainboard. The USB is by default on Bebop hooked to the MTP media transfer protocol server... let's stop this service so it will not interfere with our datastream wishes.

Stop MTP service

Log into your Bebop, make a WiFi connection then

$ telnet

mount -o remount,rw / So in the Bebop console we are root, yeah...OK stop the service via:

**# /bin/sh /bin/mtp_server.sh stop**

First tryout, USB plug convertor

Plug in a OTG micro converter to USB Serial device [| like this one]

So plugh in a 3v3 FTDI USB cable

# dmesg 


usb 2-1: new full-speed USB device number 2 using ci_hdrc

Sadly no default FTDI suppoert on the Bebop, lets fix this...

Add serial hardware driver

# find -iname *ko

on the Parrot bebop we find:


...lucky us ;), let's go and interrogate them, see what we have here via:

If your are not so lucky you have to go to this page to build them

# modinfo usbserial.ko && modinfo ftdi_sio.ko

that is just dandy , let's add them to this file /lib/modules/3.4.11/modules.dep

First we need to be able to Write change on the Drone main storage medium, let make it happen via:

# mount -o remount,rw /

we start up an editor on the device call "VI" via:

# vi /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/modules.dep

VI quick 'n dirty: Go to edit mode with


Then go to a line where you want to insert the lines and press


Sometimes even this works:

Step By Step for USB Serial Drivers


Then copy this line below from this text:


Paste it via


and again new empty line via a


Copy this line


Paste it again via


Press [ESC]

Then let's write the file via:


Now active the driver, manually first, and one can autostart it automate it later after the proof of concept works...

# insmod /data/ftp/internal_000/usbserial.ko 
# insmod /data/ftp/internal_000/ftdi_sio.ko
# cd /data/ftp/internal_000/
# modprobe usbserial.ko
# modprobe ftdi_sio.ko

on to some testing... conect whatever serial devec that outputs stuff to the FTDI cable, e.g. and GPS receiver, then draw in the serial garbage via:

# cat /dev/ttyUSB0

Improvement on the theme


Step By Step for USB Serial Drivers

A serial port on Bebop(2) or Disco at startup of aircraft

Disable MTP autostart

Changed, as dirty as we are, the mtp_server.sh script and renamed the mtp_prog name to use to something non existing... thus MTP server program would not be found so not started

Transfer Drivers via FTP to Drone

Make sure you have space left on you Parrot Drone internal storage, if needed move some of your video recordings to your PC.

The easy way:

  1. Connect to you Parrot Drone via Wifi
  2. FTP the files with your your FTP method of choice. A good start for a GUI FTP client is Filezilla. Open with your FTP client and drag and drop the .ko file into the storage on your Drone ( /data/ftp/internal_000 )

Move kernel modules to system


Where to move your .ko driver files? The /lib/modules/3.4.11/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/ looks like a good spot to us


After 4 time shortpress on powerbutton, Telnet into your Parrot Drone via:


Once in the Telnet shell, to be able to write onto the system storage space we have to make the storage space writable, per default it is not. Do it via:

# mount -o remount,rw /

Make a directory of where to store, must be called serial, do via:

# mkdir /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial

Move the previous uploaded .ko driver files...

Note: The directory could as well be without a + on your Bebop 1 or even a /lib/modules/2.6.36-102952-g6aedf2e9100/kernel/drivers/usb/serial on a Mambo... anyhow move via:

# mv /data/ftp/internal_000/usbserial.ko /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial
# mv /data/ftp/internal_000/option.ko /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial
# mv /data/ftp/internal_000/usb_wwan.ko /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial
# mv /data/ftp/internal_000/ftdi_sio.ko /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial
# mv /data/ftp/internal_000/cp210x.ko /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial
# mv /data/ftp/internal_000/pl2303.ko /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial
# mv /data/ftp/internal_000/ch341.ko /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial

(Optionally quicker if you are sure there are only the serial KO files uploaded via:)

# mv -v /data/ftp/internal_000/*.ko /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial

Add modules to modules.dep

Maybe it is good to read a bit about :e :w :q etc. of VI the editor you are going to use on this Busybox Linux based OS, the OS the Parrot drone uses.

If you are sure how VI editor works, go ahead then;

# vi /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/modules.dep

Add these lines in between {STARTHERE} {ENDHERE} but do NOT add the {STARTHERE} {ENDHERE} nor the ... ! , somewhere like so:

kernel/drivers/parrot/iio/adc/p7temp.ko: kernel/drivers/iio/industrialio.ko
kernel/net/wireless/lib80211_crypt_wep.ko: kernel/net/wireless/lib80211.ko

To save these changes in the file press [ESC] than :w+[ENTER] then :q+[ENTER]


Add to system instantly in this order, do this:

# insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/usbserial.ko
# insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.ko

Start kernel module USBSerial and FTDI

Add modprobe somewhere e.g /etc/init.d/rcS

# vi /etc/init.d/rcS

Look for other modprobes ones then add these there:

#/sbin/sysmon.sh &                                                        
insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/usbserial.ko
insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/option.ko
insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/usb_wwan.ko
insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.ko
insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/cp210x.ko
insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/pl2303.ko
insmod /lib/modules/3.4.11\+/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/ch341.ko
ulogi "rcS init script done"
exit 0 

Time to reboot to test via

# reboot now

Make a better custom cable:

  1. Get a 3V# FTDI Real FTDI to USB small PCB
  2. Desolder the USB plug
  3. Get a microUSB cable an cut it and solder to USB side of FTDI PCB

{TODO Photo}

Separate Power

At a 1W setting it is not possible to draw power from the USB so a separate powersource must be found or create. There is none, so one can add a BEC that can give 5V at least 5A continuous and is wel shielded to the drone...

BEC to Bebop Howto and where

  1. At the base where the Power goes to the Bobop Board pull a little on red and black silicone shield
  2. Fux and solder on base of wire a bit
  3. solder CC BEC RED to RED Black to Black on Base

{TODO} Photo

  1. Add a dot of Hotglue to isolate an get mechanical strength for cables not to break off there
  2. Plugh in Bebop Battery, measure voltage from BEC , should be 5V

Alternative idea

Serial Data in and out via the console port, why not...

First there is the serial port used as shell access. see also http://forum.parrot.com/usa/viewtopic.php?id=30330

Disable serial shell

In the /etc/inittab we find:

# Put a an on-demand shell on first serial port with outputs redirected to
# zprint. Note: force interactive shell since zprint is not a tty...
ttyPA0::askfirst:-/bin/sh -l

So let's disable it and start using the serial port for other nifty stuff...


look for serial console info

$ cat /var/log/messages


Jan  1 00:00:07 (none) user.info broadcom_setup.sh: (insmod) : CURRENT_TTY = /dev/console
Jan  1 00:00:07 (none) user.info broadcom_setup.sh: Load Modules :
Jan  1 00:00:08 (none) user.info broadcom_setup.sh: (create_net_interface) : CURRENT_TTY = /dev/console

Using the serial link