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Revision as of 09:45, 10 June 2011

Introduction

If you consider yourself a developer this flexible piece of UAS hardware is for you. If you enjoy writing software and consider yourself an early adopter this is the board to use. Have fun implementing and extending the already great features. To show of your work and also to ask questions, you are welcomed on the paparazzi mailinglist, this Wiki and the freenode paparazzi IRC channel. This nice piece of hardware can be used for various purposes. Ofcourse as an Autopilot board, but only by uploading another firmware also a servo extension board and more. A good idea of how this nice piece of hardware looks like is shown on the Photos here.

Lisa/M V1.0 top view
Lisa/M V1.0 bottom view
Lisa/M V1.0 top view
Lisa/M V1.0 bottom view

Features

Lisa/M is based on the 64 pins STM32F103RE processor featuring 64k of RAM and 512k of FLASH. All the pins are exposed, providing access to the complete set of the STM32 peripherals.


Overview

  • Single STM32 MCU
  • Pressure sensor BMP085
  • 7 x Analog input channels
  • 3 x Generic digital in-/out-puts
  • 2 x 3.3V TTL UART (5V tolerant)
  • 7 x Servo PPM outputs
  • 1 x CAN bus
  • 1 x SPI bus
  • 1 x I2C bus
  • 1 x Micro USB
  • 4 x status LEDs with attached test point
  • 10.8 grams (0.4 oz) (with Aspirin IMU mounted)
  • 9.9 grams (0.35 oz) (without Aspirin IMU mounted)
  • ~33mm x ~56mm x ~10mm
  • 4 layers PCB design

with mounted IMU has the following additional sensors on board:

  • 3 Axis Gyroscope
  • 3 Axis Accelerometer
  • 3 Axis Magnetometer

The pressure sensor is mounted directly on the board as this sensor is not provided by Aspirin. Exept for a GPS unit you have all necessary sensors for full attitude and altitude stabilization in an extremely small package. Adding only an external GPS unit, it is a full fledged Autopilot.

Footprint

This autopilot is very small. The footprint is only 33mm by 56mm by 10mm including the servo connector pins. It will fit in a small UAS very well. There is a spot for mounting the Aspirin IMU directly on board.

MCU

In brief, the STM32 features 3 USARTS, 2 SPI, 2 I2C, 1 CAN, a plethora of timers, ADCs and a generic DMA able to serve all of them. On the board, a number of the communication interfaces are level shifted with user selectable voltage to allow interfacing with all kind of peripherals.

Onboard IMU

The Lisa/M comes with Aspirin IMU mounted, for easy attitude estimation in the smallest package possible.

JTAG

Information about debugging can be found here

Hardware Revision History

v1.00

Architecture

Usage scenarios

For regular Autopilot boards a full Lisa/M board is needed. For some scenarios just a basic Lisa/M without IMU and pressure sensor is needed, this makes the board cheaper of course.

As a basic Autopilot

To use the Lisa/M as an autopilot, we need to attach a GPS receiver. A nice uBlox LEA-5H or newer will perform great.

== As and advanced Autopilot

Also an external airspeedsensor like the Eagletree would enhance a fixedwing airframe. Ofcourse an extention cable from microUAS to Mini USB to the outside of the airframe is very practical.

As a servo extender

Sometimes being able to steer seven actuators is just not enough. One need for example flaps that enhance aileron or an airbrake and automatic landingfacility. Maybe special ACL lights, or four cameras with zoom. By using a coupled second basic Lisa/M and connect this to the master AP board we can extend our amount of servos.

As a Safety Pilot Device

To provide an extra safety level required in some UAS challenges a second Lisa board can make it easy to adhere to the rules for such a challenge.

As a Data Logger

Maybe you have a need only to log all kinds of data, like temperature, volts, amps, height, airspeed only. For this we can setup a Lisa/M board. Then we are flexible and add whatever sensors we want. Collecting this data can be to a storage medium like an micro SD card. Sometimes there is no need for realtime data collection but just for storing a huge dataset.

As a Camera controller

Pinout

Pins Name and Type are specified with respect to the Autopilot Board

LisaM V1 0 top labeled.png

Schematic

Electrical Connections to the Airborne Equipment

PCB

Gerber & Drill Files

Assembly

Components Layout

Mechanical drawing

LisaM V1 0 top mechanical.png

Bill Of Material

Initial Setup

The section will contain some information about how to get the Lisa/M board up and running and where to connect other hardware for use as an AP board. If you are skilled and have a good knowledge of the hardware it would be great if you could create a separate wiki page for this. As we all know, this is a Wiki after all.

Bootloader

To awake the Hardware from sleep and activate the "Brain" a so called "Bootloader" is used.

Firmware

For the board to perform some sort of action, a "Brain" a.k.a Firmware must be uploaded to the board

Connect RC Receiver

To be able to test your UAS a RC receiver comes in very handy. One must realize without a receiver an well tuned airframe can fly very well, however for initial tests adding a receiver makes life so much easier... The de documenrtation here will describe how to connect and setup such an RC receiver.

PPM receiver

A modified RC receiver with full PPM out can be used to control the AP board from the ground. How to get a receiver with full PPM out or modify an existing one can be found here.

PPM is at the moment sharing a line with servo6, because it's the way it was wired on a Lisa/L board. It would be trivial to adapt the driver to use another line. look at sw/airborne/arch/stm32/subsystems/radio_control/ppm_arch.c . If you manage to do so please adjust the text on this page also.

Satellite Receiver

Connecting a 2.4GHz Spectrum or compatible receiver

Lisa M V1 0 satellite receiver connection labeled.png

It is very well possible to connect another 2.4Ghz receiver, however the software to interact with that device must at the moment be written by oneselfes. THe advantage of Opensource is that it is possible. Sharing your coding work would be great and in line with the GPL license.

Power supply jumpers

LisaM V1 0 top jumpers and leds.pngLisaM V1 0 bottom jumpers.png

It is possible to reconfigure the electrical system on Lisa/M using the supply jumpers.

  • JP1 connects the servo power rail to V_IN rail.
  • JP2 connects the battery rail (used by default only for battery voltage measurement) to the V_IN rail.
  • JP3 bypasses the +5V voltage regulator and connects V_IN to the +5V rail.
  • JP4 connects the V_IN rail to the VCC pin on the UART2 connector.
  • JP5 connects the +3V3 rail to the VCC pin on the UART2 connector.
  • JP6 connects the V_IN rail to the VCC pin on the UART1 connector.
  • JP7 connects the +3V3 rail to the VCC pin on the UART1 connector.

IMU callibration

onboard IMU calibration

PCB and assembled boards suppliers

For private companies and enthusiast Paparazzi hardware suppliers, see Get Hardware page.

Downloads

Source files

  • download LisaM v1.00 Eagle design (zip)

Gerber & Drill files

  • download gerber & drill files (zip)

Assembly files

  • download (pdf)
  • download (zipped .xls file)