- 1 Git help and resources
- 2 Before You Start
- 3 Get the code
- 4 Basic git usage
- 5 Contribute
- 6 Advanced Configuration and helpful tools
Git help and resources
There are tons of tutorials, etc. out there...
You can also get help on any Git command by doing
git command -h or
git help command.
To get an understanding off the git internals the video Getting Git is excellent.
- git screencasts
- git help from github
- git communitiy book
- ProGit book
- git ready - short tips
- nice Git reference
- more Git cheat sheets
Before You Start
Git is not an evolution of SVN (like SVN is from CVS). This may lead to a lot of extra headscratching among migrates. You have been warned.
Basic Git configuration
First tell git your real name and your e-mail address. You should add these before you start using Git:
git config --global user.name "Your Name" git config --global user.email firstname.lastname@example.org
Get the code
Otherwise use Option 2 to directly get the code.
Option 1: Fork paparazzi to your own github repo and clone from there
Set up a Github account
If you want some github awesomeness you have to create an account there and set up git. Do not forget to provide your ssh key and github token, otherwise you will not be able to access your repositories.
Fork paparazzi and clone your new repo
To fork paparazzi, just log in to github, go to the main papaprazzi software repository and click fork at the top of the page. This created the new paparazzi repository on your own github account which you can now clone to your local machine. When you initially clone a repo to your local machine git gives this remote repo the name origin.
git clone email@example.com:<your github username>/paparazzi.git
You can give your remote a more descriptive name:
git clone -o <username> firstname.lastname@example.org:<your github username>/paparazzi.git
The option -o <name> uses name to keep track of the repository instead of using the remote name origin. You can name the remote for your own paparazzi fork according you your username and the paparazzi master repo upstream (or paparazzi) to avoid confusion.
Now you want to add the main repo as a remote with the name upstream (or paparazzi) to easily pull changes from there:
git remote add upstream git://github.com/paparazzi/paparazzi.git
The above URL provides read-only access, if you are a dev and have write access to the main repo as well you want to use:
git remote add upstream email@example.com:paparazzi/paparazzi.git
Option 2: Directly clone paparazzi without a github account
Clone directly from the master repo (read-only):
git clone git://github.com/paparazzi/paparazzi.git
or if you are behind a firewall with an http proxy available:
This will name the remote Paparazzi repository origin. You can add the option -o name to use name (e.g. upstream or paparazzi) to keep track of the paparazzi master repo to avoid confusion.
git clone -o upstream git://github.com/paparazzi/paparazzi.git
Basic git usage
See what's going on
To show the status (modified and staged changes) you can run
Gitk is your friend if you want to visualize all remotes/branches and history:
Updating from the main repository (pull)
Have a look at the very good short overview of pushing and pulling on gitready.com.
To fetch the changes from the main paparazzi master branch on github and merge them into your local branch run
git pull <remote> master
Where <remote> is the name for the remote to the main Paparazzi repo and is usually upstream, paparazzi or origin.
If you want to use the latest bleeding edge version, checkout out the dev branch:
git checkout dev
If you don't have a dev branch yet, create it first based on the upstream Paparazzi dev branch:
git checkout -b dev upstream/dev
To update it:
git pull upstream dev
Publishing your changes
To push your (already locally committed) changes to your own github master branch
git push <remote> <branch>
Where <remote> is the name for the remote to your own github repo and is your username if you named it like explained above. <branch> is the branch you want to push to your remote repository, either master or your topic branch.
If you are working on a new feature, you should do all your work in a topic branch which then can be merged back into master (or the dev branch) when it is ready. If you are just working on a small fix, you can do that from the master branch. Please send us a pull request on github.
I you want to update your branch it is good practice (in most cases) to use git up (git pull --rebase) instead of git pull (See below to define git up as an alias for git pull --rebase). This will rebase your changes ontop of the current master instead of merging. It is very useful to keep the history more readable and make bug searching easier.
So the basic pattern looks something like this:
- Fetch the latest versions from the main repo: git fetch or git remote update to update all remotes
- Create a new branch of the current master (or dev) branch:
git checkout -b new_feature upstream/master
- Add commit changes to the new branch
- Rebase updates from upstream branch:
git up upstream/master
- Push it to the repo when it is ready
- send us a pull request
Advanced Configuration and helpful tools
If you want to inspect your global configuration, have a look at the .gitconfig file in your home directory.
The per repository configuration is stored in the .git/config file in your repository.
Colors and Aliases
You also might want to set some color options and aliases, e.g.:
git config --global color.ui auto # colors for all git config --global alias.st status # make `git st` work git config --global alias.co checkout # make `git co` work git config --global alias.ci commit # make `git ci` work git config --global alias.br branch # make `git br` work git config --global alias.up "pull --rebase" # make `git up` work similar to svn up
Although you might think you’re immune to CRLF-ended files on mac and linux, you are not. It is possible to download files from an external source that use CRLF, and thus commit them into your repo. You should globally set your config to convert line endings on commit so they are always LF in the repo (or omit the --global for paparazzi only):
git config --global core.autocrlf input
If you are on a windows box by any chance set:
git config --global core.autocrlf true
If you are an emacs user you might want to have a look at http://philjackson.github.com/magit/
git status in shell
For zsh: http://www.wunjo.org/zsh-git/