DFU

From PaparazziUAV
Jump to navigation Jump to search

DFU (Device Firmware Upgrade) is the standard method to upload new code to a STM32 MCU via USB.

There are two different DFU bootloader which require different software:

  • custom Luftboot/KroozSD bootloader which uses stm32_mem.py script
  • native (embedded in ROM) dfu bootloader which requires dfu-util

Custom bootloader (e.g.Luftboot,KroozSD)

This bootloader must be upload first, so paparazzi center can use stm32_mem.py to upload code to the MCU.
This bootloader is available for LisaM/Lia (Luftboot) and Krooz/kroozSD (KroozSD) boards.

Airframe configuration

This will be set as default at the appropriate makefile of the board.
Set FLASH_MODE=DFU

stm32_mem.py

stm32_mem.py will be used to upload the code.
To get a list of possible options, run:

sw/tools/dfu/stm32_mem.py --help

Native DFU bootloader (embedded in ROM)

This bootloader is already embedded in the ROM of the MCU.
The MCU will not go automatically in DFU mode.
To trigger DFU mode, connect pin BOOT0 with 3V and connect BOOT1 with GND, Reset MCU, disconnect BOOT0 and BOOT1.
In most cases BOOT1 is not needed.

For further information, look at the STM's Application note

Airframe configuration

This will be set as default at the appropriate makefile of the board.
Set FLASH_MODE=DFU-UTIL

Needed software

dfu-util packet is needed for this bootloader.
Present in the current Ubuntu and Debian repo:

sudo apt-get install dfu-util

More information about dfu-util can be found at their Homepage http://dfu-util.gnumonks.org